knee bursitis treatmentsHave you damaged your knee while playing sports? Such injuries are common. Below, you will find some strategies used in knee tendonitis treatment.

Knee (Patellar) tendonitis, also called “jumper’s knee”, is a common overuse condition associated with running, jumping, landing, and kicking. It can also occur through injury such as a fall. Symptoms include pain, weakness, and swelling of the knee joint.  If you suffer from this condition, there are a number of things you can do to relieve the pain and inflammation.

Knee Tendonitis Treatment

Rest

  • When you first injure your tendon, stop doing the activity that caused the injury.
  • Avoid activities that aggravate the problem. If any activity hurts, then stop.
  • Rest the affected knee for a few days. However, prolonged rest is not helpful as it can lead to long-term stiffness. If you have pain at rest, then you do need to have strict rest. When the pain is no longer present at rest, gradually increase your activity but stop if it recurs. Listen to your body and let it guide you.

 

Knee Support

Wear a knee support such as a bandage, splint or brace to help reduce the pain and ease the strain on the tendon. A strap applies pressure to your patellar tendon which helps to re-distribute force away from the tendon and direct it through the strap instead.

It has been found that patients report less pain and improved function with these forms of treatment.

More readingTop 10 Knee Braces and Sleeves

 

Ice Packs

  • Icing the knee area is an important aspect of knee tendonitis treatment. Ice helps to reduce the inflammation and swelling so the tendon returns to its usual state.
  • Apply an ice pack to the affected area every 2 -3 hours during the first few days to help ease the pain and swelling. Warning – do not apply for more than 20 minutes at a time otherwise reflex vasodilation (increased circulation to the area to re-warm it) will occur causing further swelling.
  • You can use ice cubes or a bag of frozen vegetables wrapped in a towel instead of a pack. Don’t put ice directly on your skin as it can cause a cold burn.

 

Heat

In chronic cases of knee tendonitis, applying a heat pad or a hot water bottle wrapped in a towel will help stimulate blood circulation and promote tissue healing.

 

Painkillers

  • Mild pain can be treated with over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. These are available in tablet or capsule form. Ibuprofen also comes as a gel that you apply directly to the affected area. Ibuprofen shouldn’t be used if you have asthma, kidney disease or stomach ulcers. Make sure to always read the leaflet.
  • If these painkillers do not control the pain, or your knee is getting worse, see your doctor about stronger drugs that can be prescribed.
  • Platelet-rich plasma injections may also be prescribed. Research is being carried out into this type of injection for treating chronic patellar tendon problems. It is believed they help promote new tissue formation and help heal tendon damage.

Always consult your doctor before taking any kind of painkillers.

 

Gentle Stretching Exercises

Weak thigh muscles put strain on your patellar tendon. Regular stretching exercises helps reduce muscle spasm and lengthens the muscles, so placing less stress on the tendon.  Exercises where you extend your leg, and then lower it very slowly are particularly helpful.

 

Physiotherapy

This involves a program of exercises to stretch and strengthen the injured tendon and surrounding muscles. The therapist can give you useful advice. They may also suggest a special shoe insert, called an orthotic, that helps improve knee alignment and the function of the patella. If you play sport, then proper footwear is essential. The therapist can also advise you on this.

 

Surgery

In very severe cases of knee tendonitis, surgery is the only effective treatment.

If you suffer from inflammation of the patellar tendon, you will know just how painful this condition can be.  Try some of these knee tendonitis treatment ideas for relieving the pain and inflammation.