Patellar tendonitis is a repetitive strain injury that often afflicts people who play a lot of sport. If you are experiencing symptoms of this condition, you may find these patellar tendonitis treatment measures help relieve the discomfort.

Patellar tendonitis (‘Jumpers knee’) is an overuse injury. If you play sports on a regular basis, you may be putting repetitive strain on your knee joint. This can lead to inflammation or degeneration of your patella tendon. You may begin to experience pain, swelling, and tenderness at the front of your knee, below the kneecap.

Treatment depends on the severity of your injury. If your symptoms are mild, you can manage your condition using the strategies outlined below. If you are in pain consult your doctor.

 

Patellar Tendonitis Treatment

The goal of treatment is to relieve the symptoms and aid healing without overloading the tendon.

Rest

If you have an acute attack, you need to rest your knee.

  • Sit with your leg elevated.
  • Avoid activities that aggravate the problem. If an activity hurts your knee, then you should rest. Working through pain will only cause more damage to the tendon. Avoid activities such as jumping, or squatting.
  • You may need to stop your sporting activities for up to three months. This gives your body time to lay down new collagen and repair the tissue damage.
  • You may need to use crutches to help take the weight off your leg.

 

Ice Treatment

Applying ice to the area can help to reduce the pain and swelling.

  • Use an ice pack or bag of frozen peas wrapped in a towel. Do not apply directly to your skin as this can cause ice burns.
  • Apply ice for 20-30 minutes, 4-6 times per day, especially after activity.

 

Anti-Inflammatory Medications

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve) can give you short-term relief from pain and inflammation.
  • Avoid long-term use of anti-inflammatory medications.
  • Speak to your doctor before taking NSAIDs.

 

Physical Therapy

Good rehabilitation therapy is essential for recovery and to return the normal functioning of your knee joint. When the initial pain and swelling have reduced, your doctor or physical therapist may recommend exercise training.

  • Stretching and strengthening exercises help reduce pain, improve flexibility, and strengthen your knee muscles and ligaments.
  • Warm up exercises are important to improve the blood flow and avoid muscle strain.
  • Follow the proper technique in order to reduce stress on your joint and patellar tendon.

 

Stretching exercises

Hamstring stretch: Standing exercises help stretch and improve the flexibility of the hamstring and helps prevent further injuries.

 

Quadriceps stretch: Stretching the quadriceps muscle reduces pain, improves flexibility, and function.

 

Strengthening exercises

Weak thigh muscles put additional strain on your patellar tendon.

Lunges, leg presses, and squats are closed kinetic strengthening exercises. The focus is given to the eccentric phase with each activity. Eccentric squats using a decline board strengthen the quadriceps muscles.

Leg raises and step up exercises are aimed at improving the endurance of the muscles and also improve the strength of the leg muscles.

 

Bracing

Your doctor may recommend a brace.

  • Wearing a brace (usually for 3-6 weeks) helps reduce symptoms, strengthen your patellar tendon, and allow the injured tissues to heal.
  • A simple athletic tape can also relieve the strain on the tendon and help reduce pain.

Your doctor may suggest corticosteroid injection.  In some cases, surgery may be needed.

If you are suffering from mild to moderate symptoms of this condition, try some of these effective patellar tendonitis treatment measures. If in pain consult your doctor.

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