lower back spasm treatmentSpasms can be excruciating. Finding a lower back spasm treatment that works for you can ease your pain and help you recover quicker.  Below are some effective treatments.

Lower Back Spasm

Spasms are nature’s way of healing your body. Lower back spasms are generally caused by injury. Your body’s response is to trigger a spasm-inflammation-pain process. A spasm is tensing and contracting of your muscles that is involuntary (you have no control over it).  Your body responds in this way so that your movements are restricted which prevents any further damage.

Lower back spasms can happen in the following areas:

  • lumbar spine
  • ligaments around discs and spine
  • lower back muscle
  • spinal nerves and cords


  • Back Muscle Stain – caused by sudden movement, twisting, lifting heavy objects, engaging in sport, or working out.
  • Weakness of your muscles related to a chronic disorder or a disorder of the discs such as Degenerative Disc Disease.

Symptoms of Lower Back Spasms

  • Sudden lower back pain.
  • Pain varies from stabbing and sharp pain to a dull ache. It can be come and go, or be constantly present.
  • Difficulty in moving.
  • Numbness and weakness, making it difficult for you to move your leg or foot.
  • Long periods of sitting, walking or standing make the condition worse
  • Your hamstrings may feel tight.


Lower Back Spasm Treatment

Treatment depends on the cause of the pain. The goal of treatment is to get your muscles back to their resting state. Lower back spasm can last a few weeks but you can treat your condition at home in the following ways:


When the spasm first happens, move to a bed or comfortable flat surface.  Spasms are a warning sign that you mustn’t continue to move.  You need to remain temporarily immobile.

This can help reduce both the intensity and duration of the pain. Further movement will make the problem worse if the spasm is caused by:

  • lumbar disc injury (rupture, bulge, degeneration)
  • lumbar nerve impingement (pressure on a nerve)
  • sprained or torn back muscles


A few days bed rest is a good way to treat back spasms at the start of the symptoms. Studies have shown that any more than this may do more harm than good.

Lying in these positions can take pressure off of your back and give you relief:

  • Lie on the floor with pillows under your knees
  • Lie on the floor with your knees bent and your legs on a chair.


Over-the-counter pain-killers, and anti-inflammatory drugs, like acetaminophen, naproxen, and ibuprofen and muscle relaxants, prescribed by your doctor can help. Always consult your doctor when it comes to medication.

Ice and Heat

These work in different ways. Ice reduces inflammation. Heat helps promote healing by drawing blood to the affected area. It also relaxes nerves and muscle fibers.

  • In the first 48 to 72 hours, apply an ice to your back spasm for 20 minutes. Remove it for 1.5 hours, then re-apply for 20 minutes. Do this as often as possible for the first 2 to 3 days after a back spasm begins.
  • After 72 hours. Start applying heat for 20-30 minutes at a time. Moist heat, such as damp heating pads, hot showers or hot tubs can help.
  • Showers – When you take a shower, turn on the hot water and focus it on your back for 2-3 minutes. Alternate with some cold water on the back for about 30 seconds. Repeat this until you feel relief.


Apply Finger Pressure/Massage

Doing this exercise can help to reduce the muscle spasms:

  • Before moving, rolling over in bed, or standing up, place your four fingers or fingertips over the spasm. Press down. Try to move. If you feel the muscles spasms, press harder and wait for the spasms to stop before trying to move again. When you have moved, wait a few seconds.
  • Walking with your fingers on the muscle spasms can also help.

 Drink Plenty of Fluids

Drink enough fluids as dehydration and loss of electrolytes can affect your recovery.

Stretching Exercises

When the inflammation has been reduced and the back spasm eases, you can begin gentle stretching exercises.  Stretching the muscle fibers helps them relax which helps relieve the spasm.

Know when to Stop Trying to Treat Yourself

 See your doctor if your back spasms:

  • Are severe and unbearable.
  • Last for more than 72 hours. It is rare for spasms to last for weeks or months when due to physical injury.
  • Are happening frequently. Back spasms can be an underlying symptom of other conditions.

Physical Therapy

A therapist may use heat, and muscle release techniques to fight your spasms. They can also give you exercises to increase flexibility and strengthen your back muscles, which can prevent the problem recurring.

Back spasms can be very painful and debilitating. Lower back spasm treatment is something you can do at home to help relieve your symptoms and get you moving again.

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