If you have hurt your ankle and have pain and swelling, here are 10 things you can do for the treatment of sprained ankle.

If you have an ankle sprain it means you have stretched or torn one or more ligaments on the outer side of your ankle. It may be painful and swollen, and you may have difficulty moving your foot. Treatment for a sprained ankle aims to reduce the pain and swelling and make sure you can regain your usual range of movement as soon as possible.

The majority of ankle sprains heal on their own with the right home treatment. If you have a sprained ankle, there are many things you can do to ease your symptoms and promote healing.  Below, are 10 ways you can treat a sprained ankle.


10 Best Ways Treatment of Sprained Ankle


1. Rest

Rest your ankle. Avoid walking on it for the first 2 or 3 days after the injury.


2. Elevate Your Ankle

Sit with your foot resting on a stool or another chair. Lie on the sofa with your foot raised on cushions.  Do this for 2 to 3 hours each day. To reduce bruising and swelling, raise your ankle above the level of your heart.


3. Ice

  • During the first 48 to 72 hours, apply an ice pack to your ankle for 10 to 20 minutes. Remove after 20 minutes.
  • Re-apply every 1 to 2 hours across the day.
  • Continue this process until the swelling goes down.


4. Compression

  • Use an elastic compression bandage to help decrease swelling.
  • It should be worn for the first 24 to 36 hours.
  • Be careful not to apply the wrap too tightly. There is a technique to applying a compression wrap correctly.
  • Loosen the bandage if it gets too tight. Signs that the bandage is too tight include:
  • Numbness and tingling
  • Increased pain
  • Coolness of the skin around the bandage
  • Swelling in the area below the bandage


5. Over the Counter Pain Relief

Over-the-counter analgesics such as Ibuprofen or Naproxen can help reduce the pain and swelling. Always read the label and follow the instructions. Ibuprofen is also available in topical form, as a cream or lotion. Consult a doctor if needed.


6. Ankle Brace

Wear a protective brace to support the joint if you try to weight-bear on your injured ankle.


7. Crutches

Crutches can also be used if you need to keep weight off your ankle while it is healing.  If using crutches, learn to use them properly so that you are safe.


8. Avoid Alcohol

While your ankle is healing, try to avoid drinking alcohol. Alcohol dilates your blood vessels which can increase bleeding and swelling in your injured ankle.


9. Exercise

When the pain and swelling start to reduce, begin some gentle exercises. This helps prevent joint stiffness, strengthens your muscles and ligaments and also increases flexibility and balance. If you’re unsure about what to do and when speak to your doctor.


10. Physical Therapy

If you have a severe sprain, you may need physical therapy, also known as physiotherapy.

With good self-care, most ankle sprains heal on their own. However, you should seek medical treatment if:

  • you are unable to bear weight.
  • there’s significant swelling or deformity.

If your ankle doesn’t improve even with treatment from your doctor, he/she may refer you to an orthopedic surgeon to carry out surgery to repair your torn ligaments.

Ankle sprains are common and the majority heal on their own with proper home treatment.  If you have injured your ankle, the ten strategies listed above for the treatment of sprained ankle can help ease your symptoms and get you back on both your feet again!